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: British Empire & Commonwealth

: Wright

: 2000/084/1/1/5

: Eritrea and Ethiopia album

: c. 1940 - 1945

: ACAW was stationed in Eritrea and Ethiopia with the caretaking British Military Administration between c. 1943 to 1946. His diaries for 1943 and 1944 are missing, but by 1945 he was based in Agordat, Eritrea. This album is arranged along very similar lines to the Somalia album at 2000/084/1/1/3. The majority of the images appear to be postcards or purchased photographs, grouped and annotated by Wright to reflect geographical areas and also his areas of anthropological interest, sometimes complemented by images which appear more personal. There are a large number of portrait shots of Eritrean people from tribes including the Hadendoa, Rashaida (including Sheikh Hamid Rashid), Beni-Amer, Kunama, Nara (formerly Baria), Bilen and Habab. There are also numerous images showing the subjects occupied in daily life such as trekking with camels, tending to cattle, ploughing fields and setting up camps. ACAW also included images of various cultural items and traditions, including a camel laden with a Sheikh's wedding saddle, a Rashaidi wedding ceremony and a show of Kunama dancing One of the most significant events of ACAW's time in Eritrea was a peacekeeping deal which he successfully brokered between opposing factions from the Hadendoa and Beni-Amer tribes. There is an image on page 2 of the album captioned "Peacekeeping 1944 between the Hadendoa & Beni-Amer" which appears to feature ACAW, and a sword and shield given to him by the Chief of one of the tribes is in the museum's object collection. A similar shield is pictured on page 1 of the album, carried by a man from the Hadendoa.This deal was the subject of a written account and further images still held by the Wright family. There is also a photograph of the regional headquarters in Agordat, where ACAW was presumably based. A significant section of the album is also devoted to images of the Coptic Church in Eritrea, including church buildings in Adi Caieh and elsewhere and examples of sacred objects such as church bells and drums. There are portraits of the Abuna (Bishop) and other holy men, the monastery of Zad Amba and ceremonies possibly attended by ACAW, including a nativity service, Palm Sunday service and Maskal festivities. There are also images of the houses and countryside in "Coptic Country", and pictures from the archaeological site at Matara, Senafe. There are also pictures of the Eritrean landscape, including the Setit River where ACAW has pictured a trek with camels, and buildings in the towns of Barentu, Keren, Asmara and Massawa. There are images of Keren tombs in the Aureba valley and scenic views along the Massawa-Asmara road. Towards the end of the album are pictures from Axum and Gondar, Ethiopia, together with postcard portraits of local inhabitants, including the Borana people, and images of their houses. This section includes pictures of the ruins of Gondar Castle and the Portuguese bridge. Glued inside the front cover of the album is a wartime map of Eritrea, titled "Eritrea Communications 1943." Produced by the Sudan Survey Dept. in Khartoum, it details roads and settlements throughout the territory.

Eritrea, Ethiopia

: 1 volume

: File

: 1 large hard-backed album with 58 pages, the majority of which have photographs affixed to them with either glue or photo corners. The pages are tied to the cover boards with string. Most of the pages carry manuscript descriptive captions supplied by ACAW. Many of the pictures are clearly not in their original places within the album, as evidenced by additional photo corners still stuck to some of the pages, and some have become loose and are now simply tucked between the pages.

This object is in store, please contact the Bristol Record Office to arrange to see the object.